Let’s talk about a disease, which is like a death sentence for most people and yet often goes unreported- “Rabies.” For most of us, rabies is associated only with two things dogs and scary injections. But, in fact, rabies is much more beyond this. Keep reading to know interesting facts about rabies.
Fact-1: Rabies is deadly once symptoms begin to appear.
Rabies affects both domestic and wild animals. It spread from person-to-person through saliva, deep bites, and scratch from an infected animal. Initially, the person does not experience any symptoms. Once the virus affects the brain then the symptoms begin to appear. Fever is the first sign of rabies followed by tiredness, weakness, pain and burning sensation at the region of the wound.
Washing the wound right away and consulting the doctor immediately could be an effective way to reduce the risk of infection.
Fact-2: Every year about 36% of the world’s rabies death occurs in India.
India contributes about 36% of the world’s rabies death. Most of the human deaths follow a bite by or exposure to the infected dog. About 30% to 60% of dog bites are seen in children under the age of 15 years, which is the main reason for rabies.
Fact-3: Education is the key
Educating the community regarding the vaccination could be a great way to prevent rabies. The main aim of the educational sessions is to empower the society to protect themselves from the bites and to take immediate action whenever they had a dog bite.
Fact-4: Wound cleaning could be a lifesaving option
Cleaning the wound immediately with any soap and running water removes the maximum amount of rabies viral particles. Once the cleaning is done cover the wound with a bandage or clean cloth and visit a doctor immediately.
Fact-5: Vaccination save lives
Vaccination is recommended for individuals who are living or visiting an area where there is a higher risk of developing rabies. Every year about 15 million people receive post-bite vaccination against rabies. It prevents several deaths throughout the world.
Fact-6: Vaccinate animals as well
Vaccinating strays and roaming animals could prevent the spread of rabies to humans and even stops the infection to other dogs.
Fact-7: Eliminate rabies by reporting dog bites and suspected rabid animals
Reporting any dog bites and suspected rabid animals to the local health department and animal control authorities improve the health and veterinary system.
Fact-8: Technology do play a role
Rabies usually occurs in an area where there is limited access to health care services. To overcome such problems, WHO has developed innovative mechanisms and technologies within the communities. In many regions, drones are now being used to deliver vaccination against rabies for post-exposure prophylaxis.
Fact-9: Rabies- A one-health success story
Rabies is a disease that can be transmitted to humans from animals. Complete coordination between human and veterinary health systems can be the only way for preventing deaths due to rabies.
Fact-10: Zero by 2030-The global goal to eliminate rabies
For the first time, four organizations – the World Health Organization (WHO), the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC) joined together to reach the goal of zero by 2030.